Art Nouveau patinated bronze figure of Psyche by Gustave Eberlein

£2,750.00

Antiques Reference 2473

Art Nouveau patinated bronze figure of Psyche by Gustave Eberlein

Categories: , , Tag:

Description

Description

Art Nouveau patinated bronze figure of Psyche by Gustave Eberlein. Very finely cast and modelled and sculpted by Gustav Heinrich Eberlein with a signature in the bronze. The figure has a foundry mark for the Gladenback foundry in Berlin and stands atop a rouge griotte marble base. A beautiful, finely detailed figure depicting Psyche who was believed in Greek Mythology to be the most beautiful woman in the world.

History

Gustav Heinrich Eberlein (14 July 1847, Spiekershausen (near Staufenberg) – 5 February 1926, Berlin) was a German sculptor, painter and writer. He was the son of a border guard. At the age of eight, his family moved to Hannoversch Münden, which would be his home for the remainder of his life, despite many years spent elsewhere. His parents lacked the money to provide him with formal artistic training, so he obtained instruction wherever possible, especially from the local goldsmith In 1866, thanks to the patronage of a pastor who had recognized his talents, he was able to attend the Academy of Fine Arts in Nuremberg. In 1869, he went to Berlin on a scholarship. Three years later, another scholarship enabled him to study in Rome.

Upon his return to Berlin, he received significant support from Martin Gropius. Despite growing success, the next decade was difficult. His three-year-old son died in 1882, then his mother in 1888. This was followed by a divorce in 1891. A year later, he married the Countess Maria von Hertzberg, an aspiring young artist, and was appointed a Professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts the year after that.

In 1900, he came out in strong opposition to the “Lex Heinze” (which, among other things, banned the display of “immoral” art works). That same year, all but a few of his figures were removed from display at the Great Berlin Exhibition, not only because of the law but also, probably, because of his support for French and Belgian sculptors (such as Rodin and Meunier). In fact, as tensions between Germany and its western neighbors grew, Eberlein’s outspoken advocacy of peace and disarmament caused him to lose his public commissions.

He was able to find work elsewhere, notably in South America, but his finances never recovered and he was divorced for a second time in 1912. The following year, he auctioned off most of his possessions in anticipation of emigrating, but those plans were put off because of World War I. He received some orders during the war and created a small museum at his studios in Berlin but, after the war, criticism was renewed; especially for his creating a statue of Karl Marx at the same time he was doing one of the former Kaiser. He was especially well known for his small figures and portrait sculpture and produced over 900 works. The majority of his larger bronze monuments were melted down during World War II. Most of his 300 original plaster models were disposed of by the city of Münden after his death. In 1962, work related to a construction project revealed approximately 80 figures and 11 paintings that were preserved and restored between 1983 and 1989. Many are now in the collection of the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin.

He was able to avert destitution only by adopting his housemaid as his daughter, ensuring that he would be cared for by her family. By the time of his death, he was nearly forgotten. He was buried at the Alter St.-Matthäus-Kirchhof in Berlin.

Date German c 1890

Condition Excellent original condition

.Dimensions Approximate height 35cm

Would you like more images of this item or require further detail about this piece? Here at Solo Antiques we are always happy to answer questions and provide more information.

You can chat with us online through our chatbox, write us a message in our contact form or alternatively call 01995 671096 / 07973119739 or email us at [email protected]